Culture – Sun Temples of India

This post is from the Civil Services Examination point of view.

Sun temples have been built throughout the country by several dynasties. Some of the important ones are dealt in this post.

  1. Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha – built by the Kalingas.
    • This is in Shikara/Nagara style of architecture.
    • Also called the Black Pagoda – as black marble was extensively used.
    • The temple is in the form of a chariot with wheels carved on its outer walls.
    • Mithunas in erotic postures can be seen on the walls.
    • Only outsides are carved, while the insides are not carved.
    • The pictures can be found in the wiki link.
  2. Chitragupta temple, Khajuraho – built by Chandela Rajputs.
    • The primary deity is 5 feet tall in the form of a chariot drawn by 7 horses.
    • This is also in Shikara/Nagara style of architecture.
    • The pictures can be found on internet or you can click here.
  3. Suryanarayana temple, Arasavalli, Andhra Pradesh – built by Kalingas.
  4. Suryadevanar Kovil, Tanjavir, Tamil Nadu – built by Cholas.
  5. Sun Temple, Modhera, Gujarat – built by Bhima Deva I of Solangis.
    • Its components:
      • Surya Kund – a heavily carved multi-storeyed stepped tank
      • Sabha Mandap – Assembly hall
      • Guda Mandap – Sanctum Sanctorum
  6. Multan Sun Temple, Punjab – one of the oldest Sun temples in India.
  7. Marthand Sun Temple, Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir
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