The concept of “Raavan lifting Kailash” is given a significant position in the Indian Culture, especially the Indian architecture. Though it is predominantly a concept of Shaivism, it can also be found in Vaishnavism. For example, the Chennakesava Temple of Belur (Hoysala architecture) , though a Vaishnava temple, depicts Raavan lifting Kailash on one of its walls.
- It is a symbol of the power of Bhakti, that a devotee gets an enormous strength to lift the Kailash and balance it on his head.
- At the same time, it also signifies that “Pride” shatters Bhakti and will suitably be punished by the Lord, which is symbolised by Lord Shiva pressing Raavana below the mount Kailash.
- It also signifies that it is the self surrendering Bhakti that would liberate an individual from his sufferings.
We will now see where all can we see this.
- Kailashanatha cave temple, Ellora
- Raavan ki Khai, Ellora
- Kailashanatha temple, Kanchi
- Chennakesava temple, Belur
- Elephanta caves
It can also be found in various dance forms like Bharathanatyam, Kathakali, Kuchipudi etc.