Topics that need to be covered for Post Independence

Following is the list of topics that must be covered for Post Independence.

  • Partition and its impact
  • Integration of Princely States
    • Junagarh
    • Jammu and Kashmir
    • Hyderabad
    • Manipur
  • Integration of French and Portuguese Colonies
  • Linguistic Reorganisation of States
  • Integration of the Tribals
  • Regionalism and Sons of the Soil doctrine
  • Hindi as Lingua Franca
  • Foreign Relations
    • India’s interference in international crises
    • Relations with USA and USSR
    • Relations with Pakistan and China
  • Indo-Chinese war, 1962
  • J.Nehru → contributions and failures
  • Five Year Plans
  • Opposition Parties upto 1965
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • Indo-Pakistan War, 1965
  • Indira Gandhi → contributions and failures
  • General Elections, 1967
  • Naxalism in India
  • Split in the Congress – 1969 and 1971 General Elections
  • The Challenge of Bangladesh, 1971
  • JP Movement/Total Revolution
    • Nav Nirman Movement/Gujarat Movement
    • Bihar Movement/Total Revolution
  • Declaration of Emergency, 1975-77 ***<IMP> 40 years anniversary
  • History of imposition of President’s rule in the states
  • Elections and Return of Indira Gandhi
    • Several opposition parties came together and formed Janata Party in 1977 to face the elections, where it had formed the government
    • However, its support faded and the party disintegrated, resulted in interim elections in 1980, in which Indira Gandhi won the elections
    • In 1978-79 Congress witnessed a split – Congress(I) led by Indira Gandhi and Congress(U)
  • Rajiv Gandhi – successes and failures
  • Mandal Commission
  • Kargil War
  • Telangana Movement
    • Over the question of retaining Mulki rules (provision of special preference to the people of Telangana in the public employment and universities)
    • Demand for separate state was also raised in the 1960s itself
    • Finally, a compromise was achieved by making a constitutional amendment and included the article 341D. This provided for special preference for local people in public employment to all districts in the state over outsiders
  • Punjab Crisis
  • Balance of Payments Crisis, 1991
  • PV Narasimha Rao
  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee [Bharat Ratna]
  • Various Movements:
    • Dravidian Movement
    • Chipko Movement
    • Anti-Arrack Movement
    • Narmada Bachao Andolan
    • Bachpan Bachao Andolan
    • Bhopal Gas Tragedy
  • Land Reforms
  • Bhoodan/Gramdan Movement
  • Sarvodaya Movement
    • Refers to the efforts of Gandhian followers to establish a Gandhian Sarvodaya concept
      • Gandhian Sarvodaya
        • upliftment/progress to all
        • Rejected western form of capitalism that replaced human labour
        • Focus on organisation and welfare of villages
        • Special focus on labourers, farmers and rural economy
    • Leaders – JP, Vinoba Bhave etc.
    • Components of Sarvodaya Movement:
      • Bhoodan
      • Gramdan
      • JP Movement/Total Revolution
  • Peasant movements
  • Indian Women since independence

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